Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in South Africa. He has two nick-names Madiba Black Pimpernel. From his boyhood, he saw the cruelty of the White to the Black ones. At that time the White people bait the Black people. It was unbearable for little Mandela. Becoming actively involved in the anti-apartheid movement in his 20s, Mandela joined the African National Congress in 1942. For 20 years he directed peaceful and non-violent defiance against the South African Government. For this, he was in jail on Robben Island for 18 years. In 1993 Mandela and F.W de Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1994, Mandela was elected South Africa’s first black President. In 2009, Mandela’s birthday, July 18, was declared ‘Mandela Day’ by the UN. Mandela died at his home in Johannesburg on December 5, 2013, at the age of 95.